BANNOCKBURN, FK7 0LJ
Postcode: FK7 0LJ
Lat/Long: 56.0933N 3.9378W
Notes: The visitor centre is well sign-
WHAT IS THERE TO SEE?
The bulk of the battle site has been buried under modern housing however a monument has been erected and the National Trust for Scotland has an impressive museum/display at the site. Visitors can clearly see Stirling Castle in the distance; a reminder to all what Edward was trying to achieve being his rout.
VISIT BATTLEFIELDS TRUST SITE (Opens in new window)
Battlefield display run by the National Trust for Scotland.
1. Following his defeat Edward II was refused entry into Stirling Castle by the English Governor who didn’t want to see the King fall into Scottish hands. Edward rode furiously for Dunbar where he escaped by ship leaving his horses abandoned at the gates of the castle.
While attempting to lift a siege of Stirling Castle, English forces fought and lost a pitched battle against Robert the Bruce. At the Battle of Bannockburn Scotland ensured its independence from England and fatally undermined the Government of Edward II.
HISTORY OF BANNOCKBURN
Following the death of the warrior King Edward I, English fortunes in Scotland had
changed significantly; by 1313 Stirling Castle was one of just two (the other being
The battle commenced when the lead elements of the English vanguard, under the Earl
of Bohun, followed the road into the woodland and were ambushed by the Scots; Bohun
was killed and his troops were surrounded. Concurrently the cavalry element of the
English vanguard, under the control of the Earl of Gloucester, skirted the wood to
prevent a Scottish withdrawal. They were engaged by the Scottish commander, the Earl
of Moray, who left the wood and fought a sharp action defeating the English men-
No overnight attack was made on the main body of the English and the next morning Edward deployed his forces ready for battle which the Scottish answered; Bruce deployed his men in three tightly packed formations (schiltrons) of spearmen. The English commenced the fighting with an attack by archers on the shiltrons who had been brought to the front of their force rather than the flanks due to the narrowness of the field. Bruce ordering a charge by his small cavalry force to attack the archers which in turn prompted a counter charge by the larger, heavier English cavalry who now attacked the still intact shiltrons. The English cavalry charge was broken and the rout started; as the Scottish schiltrons advanced the English fell back to the ditch of the Bannock burn where they were cut down. The English army as an organised fighting force has ceased to exist.