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ARTICLE CONTENTS:


SECTION 1: Introduction

- Visiting Rome’s Northern Frontier

- Components of the Frontier


SECTION 2: History of the Wall

- Empire Without Limits

- A Frontier - but Where?

- Holding the Line


SECTION 3: The Wall east to west as it exists today

- South Shields to Benwell Hill (including Newcastle)

- Benwell Hill to Rudchester (including Heddon-on-the-Wall)

- Rudchester to Halton Chesters

- Halton Chesters to Chesters

- Chesters to Carrawburgh

- Carrawburgh to Housesteads

- Housesteads to Great Chesters (including Steel Rigg and Cawfields)

- Great Chesters to Birdoswald (including Walltown)

- Birdoswald to Castlesteads

- Castlesteads to Stanwix

- Stanwix to Burgh-by-Sands (including Carlisle)

- Burgh-by-Sands to Bowness-on-Solway

- Western Sea Defences

TRAVEL AND PARKING

The first two-thirds of this section is in a rural setting along very quiet roads or footpaths. The route then joins the busy A689 and enters the suburbs of Carlisle. Parking is predominantly in this area.

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION (Opens in new window)

On this section of the wall there are no staffed staffed sites. Information about the Hadrian’s Wall National Trail however can be accessed at (link opens in new window):

- Hadrian’s Wall Path: Official National Trail


As the components of the frontier become less visible, they are nevertheless noted in village and street names.

MILECASTLES

Milecastle 58: Located in Newtown (no visible remains):

GETTING THERE


LAT/LONG

OS GRID REF

POSTCODE

Castlesteads Roman Fort (Camboglanna)

54.9635N 2.7637W

NY 5120263477

CA8 2AX

Milecastle 58

54.9562N 2.7846W

NY 4985462682

CA6 4PA

Milecastle 59

(Oldwall)

54.9478N 2.8048W

NY 4854761759

CA6 4NL

Milecastle 60

54.9443N 2.8266W

NY 4714961388

CA6 4PL


Milecastle 61

(Est Position)


54.9403N 2.8482W

NY 4575760955

CA6 4QX

Milecastle 62

(Walby)

54.9365N 2.8706W

NY 4431760546

N/A

Milecastle 63

(Walfoot)

(Est Position)

54.9254N 2.8947W

NY 4275959334

N/A

Milecastle 64

54.9201N 2.9091W

NY 4183058753

CA6 4RH


Milecastle 65

54.9125N 2.9247W

NY 4081457929

CA3 9AU

Milecastle 59

Milecastle 60

Milecastle 61

Milecastle 62

Milecastle 63:

Milecastle 63 - Walfoot (Estimated Position Only)


Lat/Long:  54.9254N 2.8947W

Grid Ref:   NY 4275959334

Postcode: N/A

Milecastle 60


Lat/Long:  54.9443N 2.8266W

Grid Ref:   NY 4714961388

Postcode: CA6 4PL

Milecastle 58


Lat/Long:  54.9562N 2.7846W

Grid Ref:   NY 4985462682

Postcode: CA6 4PA

Milecastle 59 - Oldwall


Lat/Long:  54.9478N 2.8048W

Grid Ref:   NY 4854761759

Postcode: CA6 4NL

Milecastle 61 (Estimated Position Only)


Lat/Long:  54.9403N 2.8482W

Grid Ref:   NY 4575760955

Postcode: CA6 4QX

Milecastle 62 - Walby


Lat/Long:  54.9365N 2.8706W

Grid Ref:   NY 4431760546

Postcode: N/A

Milecastle 64:

Milecastle 64


Lat/Long:  54.9201N 2.9091W

Grid Ref:   NY 4183058753

Postcode: CA6 4RH

Milecastle 65:

Milecastle 65


Lat/Long:  54.9125N 2.9247W

Grid Ref:   NY 4081457929

Postcode: CA3 9AU

Articles > Hadrian’s Wall HADRIAN’S WALL: THE REAL ROUTE Part 15: Castlesteads to Stanwix

Key: BLUE MARKER = Fort Location    RED MARKER = Known Milecastle/Milefort Location    GREEN MARKER = Point of Interest

THE WALL EAST TO WEST: CASTLESTEADS TO STANWIX


What Can Be Seen


This article takes you from Castlesteads through to the vast fort at Stanwix on the north banks of the Eden at Carlisle. This section is firmly out of the tourist zone with both nice views and substantive remains of the frontier becoming much rarer! Milecastles 58 through to 65 are covered here. The National Trail follows the line of the Wall for the first four miles and then breaks off to enable a scenic walk to Carlisle along the banks of the River Eden.

CONTINUE TO STANWIX >


Castlesteads Roman Fort


The fort at Castlesteads, known as Camboglanna, is unusual for being built back from the line of Wall; out of all the Wall forts only Carvoran is similarly positioned to the rear. Situated on a promontory overlooking the River Irthing, it was 400 metres from Milecastle 57 and probably owes its placement to the position of an existing fort on the site. Despite its displaced position the Vallum still encompassed it within the military zone. Little remains today other some earthworks in the woods - the vast majority of the fort was flattened and then buried under a walled garden and unfortunately public access is limited. Keep following the National Trail towards Newtown.


Milecastle 61


As you approach the estimated Milecastle 61 position, still following the National Trail, you move from the grassy path to a single track rural road.

Line of Wall heading west

Heading west

Fighting Ditch and Vallum both visible

Approaching estimated Milecastle 61 position

Heading west

Looking back east at Vallum earthworks

National Trail diverges from line of Wall here

Line of Wall

Line of Wall across photo by distant trees and Pylon

Fighting Ditch

Towards Wall Head

Fighting Ditch

Crossing the M6

Vicinity of Milecastle 64


Newtown


Newtown was built on top of the site of Milecastle 58. Head through the village following the National Trail and head towards Oldwall. Sections of the Fighting Ditch and Vallum are periodically visible.

Vallum (left) and Fighting Ditch (right)


National Trail


The National Trail shortly (see photo below) breaks away and diverges from the line of the Wall. The frontier itself continued down the line of the modern road, its straightness being something of a clue, but the official trail heads towards the more scenic views and quieter views towards the River Eden and includes a short spell on the route of the Stanegate. If you wish to continue following the line of Wall ignore the left turn of the National Trail and keep heading west on the unnamed road.

Milecatsle 63 was located near Pylon

Aptly named for the site of Milecastle 64

Site of Milecastle 64

Traces of Vallum

Vallum remains near Oldwall

Milecastle 65 site

Line of Wall heading east

Site of Stanwix Fort


Walby


The Wall ran directly through Walby but unfortunately the road turns south putting the line of the frontier on private property. Nevertheless keep following the road, Birky Lane, and you will run parallel to the Wall for a short stretch. The tree line to your right marks the route of the Wall.


Heading West


Keep following the B6264 (Brampton Old Road) west as it becomes Brampton Road. On your right you’ll come to an area of grassland with a sign-posted footpath sandwiched between houses. This is convenient as it gives a good view of the Milecastle 65 position.

View towards Castlesteads Roman Fort

Line of Wall

Milecastle 58 position in Newtown

Milecastle 59 Position

Line of Wall

Milecastle 62 position

Line of Wall through Walby


A69


Birky Lane intersects with the A689 at Walfoot. Turn right and head west (take care - it is a busy road but there is a footpath on the south side). The line of the Wall is slowly converging on you at this point and again is marked by the tree line on the visible horizon (about 600 metres reducing to 300 as you head west). After 1000 metres you’ll arrive at a roundabout. The field enclosed on two sides by the A689 is the estimated location of Milecastle 63. At the roundabout go straight ahead onto the B6264 and head for the bridge over the M6.


Milecastle 64


After having crossed the bridge over the M6 you are also immediately in the position of Milecastle 64 the site of which is now under an aptly named Caravan Park. Stay on the B6264 (Brampton Old Road) and head west. Traces of Vallum can be seen to your left whilst the Wall itself ran about 100 metres to the right of the road.


Towards Stanwix


Keep following the B6264 (Brampton Road) to the end of the road. This takes you to Stanwix, on the north banks of the River Eden, where a large cavalry fort was located.

REFERENCES / FURTHER READING

Breeze, D.J (2011). The Frontiers of Imperial Rome. Pen and Sword Books Ltd, Barnsley.


Burton, A (2010). Hadrian's Wall Path. Aurum Press Ltd, London.


Crow, J (1989). Housesteads Roman Fort. English Heritage, London.


English Heritage (2010). An Archaeological Map of Hadrian's Wall, 1:25,000 Scale. English Heritage, London.


Hodgson, N (2011). Chesters Roman Fort. English Heritage, London.


Moffat, A (2009). The Wall. Birlinn Ltd, Edinburgh.


Wilmott, T (2010). Birdoswald Roman Fort. English Heritage, London.


Bedoyere, G (2010). Roman Britain: A New History. Thames and Hudson Ltd, London.


Dando-Collins, S (2010). Legions of Rome. Quercus, London.


Hobbs, R and Jackson, R (2010). Roman Britain. British Museum Company Ltd, London.

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