Boston Castle was built in the late eighteenth century to serve as a hunting lodge or folly by Thomas Howard, Earl of Effingham. It acquired its name from the Boston Tea Party as Thomas was a strong opponent of the British using military force against the American colonies. The castle is now a tourist attraction.
Despite its name, Boston Castle was actually an eighteenth century hunting lodge built by Thomas Howard, Earl of Effingham. Set within Canklow Wood, an ancient forest that provided ample scope for hunting, it occupied a high peak overlooking the Don and Rother valleys. It acquired its name from the 1773 Boston Tea Party in Massachusetts where 342 chests of tea were thrown into the water in protest against taxation without representation. Thomas, who was a serving Captain in the Coldstream Guards, sympathised with the plight of the colonists and used his position in the House of Lords to criticise the deployment of British military forces to America. Rather than fight in the American War of Independence, Thomas resigned his commission. In a less public protest, he instructed that no tea should ever be drunk inside Boston Castle.
The castle was constructed between 1773-5 from sandstone rubble. Two storeys tall, the small battlemented building went out of use following the death of Thomas in 1791. It was later converted into a house and was leased to the Birks family. By 1876 it was being used by the Park Keepers and in 1901 both Boston Castle and the surrounding park were purchased by the Rotherham Corporation. In 2012 the castle was opened as a tourist attraction.
Cousins, M (2012). Boston Castle. http://bostoncastle-rotherham.co.uk/BostonCastle.html
Guest J (1876). Boston Castle and the Views Therefrom (1876). Rotherham Advertiser, Rotherham
Historic England. Boston Park Scheduling Report 1001500. Swindon.
Woods (1802). Parliamentary Register 1775-1802; House of Commons and House of Lords. London.