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SECTION 1: Introduction

- Visiting Rome’s Northern Frontier

- Components of the Frontier

SECTION 2: History of the Wall

- Empire Without Limits

- A Frontier - but Where?

- Holding the Line

SECTION 3: The Wall east to west as it exists today

- South Shields to Benwell Hill (including Newcastle)

- Benwell Hill to Rudchester (including Heddon-on-the-Wall)

- Rudchester to Halton Chesters

- Halton Chesters to Chesters

- Chesters to Carrawburgh

- Carrawburgh to Housesteads

- Housesteads to Great Chesters (including Steel Rigg and Cawfields)

- Great Chesters to Birdoswald (including Walltown)

- Birdoswald to Castlesteads

- Castlesteads to Stanwix

- Stanwix to Burgh-by-Sands (including Carlisle)

- Burgh-by-Sands to Bowness-on-Solway

- Western Sea Defences


The bulk of this length of this walk is in a rural area walking on grass/non-vehicular footpaths. There are dedicated pay and displays cars parks at Chesters and Carrowburgh.

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION (Opens in new window)

On this section of the wall there is one staffed site. Click the links below for more information (links open in new window):

- Chesters Roman Fort

- Hadrian’s Wall Path: Official National Trail

At Limestone corner even the Romans accepted that somethings are more hassle than they are worth!


Milecastle 28:





Chesters Fort (Cilurnum)

55.0283N 2.1390W

NY 9121270428

NE46 4EU

Milecastle 28

55.0290N 2.1524W

NY 9035970505

NE46 4BQ

Milecastle 29

55.0343N 2.1755W

NY 8888071103

NE46 4BZ

Turret 29A

(Black Carts)

55.0360N 2.1825W

NY 8843471291

NE46 4BZ

Milecastle 30


55.0386N 2.1962W

NY 8755771579


Milecastle 31

55.0358N 2.2176W

NY 8619171277


Milecastle 29: Don’t miss the earthworks before Black Carts turret:

Milecastle 30: Near Limestone Corner summit:

Milecastle 31: Near Carrowburgh fort:

RELATED SITES NEARBY (Opens in new window)

Milecastle 31

Lat/Long:  55.0358N 2.2176W

Grid Ref:   NY 8619171277

Postcode: N/A

Milecastle 30

Lat/Long: 55.0386N 2.1962W

Grid Ref:   NY 8755771579

Postcode: N/A

Milecastle 29

Lat/Long:  55.0343N 2.1755W

Grid Ref:   NY 8888071103

Postcode: NE46 4BZ

Milecastle 28

Lat/Long:  55.0290N 2.1524W

Grid Ref:   NY 9035970505

Postcode: NE46 4BQ

Articles > Hadrian’s Wall HADRIAN’S WALL: THE REAL ROUTE Part 10: Chesters to Carrowburgh

Key: BLUE MARKER = Fort Location    RED MARKER = Known Milecastle/Milefort Location    GREEN MARKER = Point of Interest


What Can Be Seen

This article takes you from Chesters to Carrowburgh which was the site of a late addition fort onto the line of the Wall. In this section the climb to the Whin Sill begins and the Fighting Ditch, Vallum and several segments of Wall (including Turret 26A) are visible. Milecastles also start to become evident as earthworks with this section encompassing Milecastles 28 to 31. The National Trail is synchronised almost entirely with this part of the route.


Chesters Roman Fort

The Roman fort at Chesters (see box above) is a must see for any tourist walking all or part of the Wall. Amongst the extensive remains, the connections of the Wall both into and out of the Fort are still visible. Like many other forts on the Wall (excluding the next two), the fort straddled the Wall with three entrances to the north allowing rapid deployment of troops. Chesters was exclusively a cavalry fort and therefore its role must have been to quickly augment the infantry-only garrisons further to the west in times of trouble.


Head out of Chesters Fort car park and turn left walking along the B6318. The line of the Wall intersects with the road as it curves round and starts climbing towards the Whin Sill although nothing is visible at this point. The Milecastle 28 site lies towards just beyond the Walwick sign.

Wall intersects with East Gatehouse at Chesters

Wall intersection with fort at Chesters

Towards Black Carts

The National Trail swings off the line of the Wall at this stage but so does the B6318/Military Road which, after having decimated the Wall for so many miles, now switches its attention to the Vallum. Unlike the Wall, which as we shall see now climbs to Limestone corner, the Vallum and later Roman Military Road took an easier path to the south. Wade’s engineers unsurprisingly preferred that route for their road. Follow the National Trail then, after deviating around Walwick Hall, you are back on the line of the Wall.

Milecastle 28 site

Looking back east towards Chesters

Fighting Ditch

Milecastle 29 (Black Carts)

As you head towards the visible stretch of Wall in the distance, don’t miss the earthworks of Milecastle 29. The shape can be clearly made out but these are not Roman earthworks - they are work of later visitors digging to remove the stone. Continue to follow the National Trail up towards Limestone corner noting Turret 29A (Black Carts) and the segment of the Wall as you pass.

Looking east

Limestone Corner

After Black Carts you’ll reach the summit at Limestone corner. The Fighting Ditch is particularly interesting here as it loses it shape briefly as rock seems to have defeated the Roman engineers. Visible evidence suggests it was a hotly contested battle however! Milecastle 30 was positioned here. The modern road and line of the Wall now start to intersect with the road slewing back from the Vallum onto the foundations of the Wall itself. Keeping following the National Trail where it shortly crosses to the south side of the road.

Milecastle 31

Once you’ve followed the National Trail across the road, you’ll quickly come to the site of Milecastle 31. Again the only visible remains are the disruption to the earth caused by stone robbers.

Milecastle 31

Slight remains of Fighting Ditch

Line of Wall looking west

Approaching Black Carts

Milecastle 29

Fighting Ditch

Turret 26A - Black Carts

Looking east from Limestone corner

Limestone corner - Milecastle 30 was nearby

Turret broad section and narrow gauge Wall

Carrawburgh Fort

Keep heading west along the National Trail and you’ll get to a car park. Just beyond are the earthworks of Carrawburgh Roman Fort.

Chesters Roman Fort (Cilurnum)

See Webpage

A cavalry fort originally housing a garrison of around 500 soldiers. A bathhouse, on which the Wallsend reconstruction is based, and extensive ruins are visible. The site also houses a museum with an impressive collection of carved Roman stones.

Looking back towards Chesters - Wall ran through trees to camera

Line of Wall heading west

Looking west from Limestone corner

Fighting Ditch

Milecastle 31


Breeze, D.J (2011). The Frontiers of Imperial Rome. Pen and Sword Books Ltd, Barnsley.

Burton, A (2010). Hadrian's Wall Path. Aurum Press Ltd, London.

Crow, J (1989). Housesteads Roman Fort. English Heritage, London.

English Heritage (2010). An Archaeological Map of Hadrian's Wall, 1:25,000 Scale. English Heritage, London.

Hodgson, N (2011). Chesters Roman Fort. English Heritage, London.

Moffat, A (2009). The Wall. Birlinn Ltd, Edinburgh.

Wilmott, T (2010). Birdoswald Roman Fort. English Heritage, London.

Bedoyere, G (2010). Roman Britain: A New History. Thames and Hudson Ltd, London.

Dando-Collins, S (2010). Legions of Rome. Quercus, London.

Hobbs, R and Jackson, R (2010). Roman Britain. British Museum Company Ltd, London.

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